The Pan-Afro Flag, sometimes called the UNIA, Afro-American, or Black Liberation Flag, was created in 1920 by Marcus Garvey, then president of the Universal Negro Improvement Association. The flag serves as a symbol of Unity, and was created by Garvey to represent the political power of Black Americans and their resilience against racism. The red of the flag stands for African blood spilt in the fight for liberation from slavery and oppression, the black represents Black Americans as one united community, and the Green symbolizes the growth and natural fertility of Africa. Often gold will be added to the flag as well to represent Africa's mineral wealth. The flag has served as a template for flags all over Africa as different countries gained independence. To find out more about it's history and symbolism, check out the link above.
This guide was compiled in 2020 by Writer Alyssa Klein and activist and filmmaker Sarah Sophie Flicker. It contains over 75 resources on how to be a better ally to Black Americans, and learn about how white privilege works in everyday life. It was widely circulated on Social Media and news networks across the globe, and continues to be a great resource to get started in Anti-Racism work.
What is Black History Month?
Black History Month (aka African American History Month) is an annual observance that takes place in February in the United States and Canada.
The relevance of February goes back to 1926 when ASALH’s founder Dr. Carter G. Woodson first established “Negro History Week” during the second week of February, where it encompasses the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass—both men being great American symbols of freedom. (ASALH)
Black History Month was first proposed by Black educators and the Black United Students at Kent State University in 1969 (Kent State), and it was officially recognized by President Gerald Ford in February 1976 during the celebration of the United States Bicentennial.
Portrait of Carter G. Woodson by Sassa Wilkes
Black History Month Presidential Proclamation
On February 10th, 1976, President Gerald Ford was the first U.S. President to declare February as Black History Month. Every year since, the President of the United States issues a proclamation of celebration for the month of February.
2022 Black History Month Presidential Proclamation
"NOW, THEREFORE, I, JOSEPH R. BIDEN JR., President of the United States of America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim February 2022 as National Black History Month. I call upon public officials, educators, librarians, and all the people of the United States to observe this month with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities."
To read the full Presidential Proclamation, click HERE
This Guide includes resources for understanding and participating in the Black Lives Matter movement both nationally and here at Wentworth. It also includes a glossary of terms associated with Black Lives Matter and Diversity Efforts.